High in the Peruvian Andes there are ruins of an ancient city , known by the name of Machu Picchu. In it strange altars and constructions made of granite can be found. The Inca people were the ones who built this enigmatic city and for that they didn’t use iron wheels or tools, simply carved stones and implanted with great mastery and precision.
puzzles to solve
Machu Picchu features more than two hundred structures. Some appear to be houses and others to be temples, but they all receive running water. In the city there is no information in writing or sculptures that can indicate its values or ideals. At its highest point is a pillar whose true purpose is ignored .
The first riddle addressed by archaeologists asks how it was possible for their builders to climb up to the rocks at such a high height. In the second place , ask why it was built in a so inaccessible place. And a third unsolved riddle is why Machu Picchu was abandoned.
Finding a sense of Machu Picchu’s legacy is the challenge for many archaeologists working on its ruins.
What do we know about Machu Picchu and the Incas
Researchers agree on some issues. Thus, the Incas came to power in the mid-fifteenth century. It was a city with great knowledge of engineering and although they did not have a conventional writing, they used their own system of calculation known as Quipu.
Much of what we know about the Incas comes from the chronicles of the Spanish conquerors. In this way, we knew that they were strong warriors, who dominated other peoples and fed their people by transforming steep slopes into farmland with gaps and terraces.
Its power lasted for a period of approximately one hundred years, as its empire was decimated by disease, civil war, and finally by the Spanish conquerors. The last Inca emperor retired to the mountains, more specifically to the city of Vilcabamba, a place he resided for 35 years, until in 1572 the Spanish destroyed the city.
More than 300 years after the defeat of the Incas, an explorer named Hiram Bimgham was determined to find some trace of the mysterious disappearance of the Incas. In 1911, he was the first Westerner to find the lost city of Machu Picchu.