Traditionally, colors are associated with ideas and feelings . This bond can also be expressed in different religions. With regard to Catholicism, during the liturgical year, priests dress in different colors, depending on the ceremony or solemn act that is performed at each moment. In this sense, the Catholic Church deals with different liturgical times: Advent, Christmas, Lent, Easter and ordinary time or other Sundays of the year. Liturgical Colors
From this period onwards, some liturgical colors are defined as the dress of priests. These colors are: green, purple, white and red. With them, priests dress and decorate to convey some kind of message during the celebration of mass to the faithful.
Each color has a meaning
The color green is used during common time and symbolizes the idea of hope for Christians. The purple color is used during two periods: Advent and Lent. Liturgical Colors
During the first period, the arrival of the Lord in the form of mortal flesh and his arrival at the end of time is remembered.
From the second period onwards, it is intended to convey the idea of penance, so it is a time of preparation for the essential mysteries of the redemption of men, as happens during Holy Week.
Also, purple is used in some ceremonies, such as those who died during funerals. The white color reminds the joy of Easter and used during the Christmas period, through it indicates the satisfaction for the birth of Christ. Red is used to commemorate the blood shed by Christian martyrs or for the time of Pentecost; with this color the idea of the Holy Spirit is transmitted through the fire that illuminates the human soul. Liturgical Colors
The alb, cingulate, stole and chasuble
In addition to the colors of the clothes of the priests already mentioned, with regard to clothes, we can highlight the following:
1) the alb is a white tunic that covers the entire body and goes down to the feet. It is the first piece with which the priest celebrates Mass (with it he symbolizes the idea of purity and the entire ritual is at the service of God);
2) the girdle is a cord that is placed around the alb on the priest’s waist and symbolizes the spiritual union with God;
3) the stole is a thin strip of fabric that is placed over the alb around the neck at the front and over the shoulders. It symbolizes the power of Christ given to the priest; Liturgical Colors
4) the chasuble is the upper layer with some of the liturgical colors and which expresses the congregation of the celebrated act. It symbolizes Jesus Christ’s idea of charity towards men.