The human relationships that take place within professional activities are regulated in each country by labor legislation. As a general rule, there are three important figures in every employment relationship : a state that sets standards related to labor law; an employer who organizes and administers any activity; and an employee who fulfills obligations in exchange for a salary .
General considerations on labor legislation in most countries
The legal texts collected by labor legislation establish a set of fundamental rights and duties, for example, the right to strike, the right of workers to join a union, equal pay in terms of sex, among others.
All work depends on a type of contract which establishes its duration, the salary to be received and the corresponding installments.
The labor legislation of a country expresses the well-known status of workers, the legal text that articulates all professional activities in which they establish the rules that must be followed by the state, the employer and the employee.
There are forms of work that are totally prohibited by labor legislation in the international area, but that have not yet been completely eradicated, as shown by child labor and a daily shift exceeding eight hours.
Some aspects are a source of conflicts between workers and employers
Labor legislation aims to better organize labor relations. However, there are a number of conflicts and problems in the development of professional activities, among the most common we can highlight the following:
- – The settlement and payment of salary that must be made on certain dates;
- – Calculation of hours worked, overtime, working hours and weekly rest;
- – There are aspects that are not related to daily activities, but that sometimes give rise to conflicts such as licenses, the lactation period and the figure of the union to represent workers;
- – The termination of a contract is probably one of the most conflicting aspects and the labor legislation establishes what must be the objective causes that justify the termination of a contract;
- – Working conditions do not always comply with what is established by labor legislation. In this sense, safety and hygiene measures are fundamental issues to guarantee risk-free and dignified work;
- – Contractual breaches are also the source of some problems, for example, unjustified lack of assistance, indiscipline and decreased income.