Eleven times the size of Earth, Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System . It is formed entirely by gas and in it the winds reach a speed in excess of 600 km/hour. This ball of gas and liquid is 145,000 kilometers wide and has a Saturn-like ring system. For astronomers it is a challenge , as its particular characteristics make it a research laboratory .
Despite its immense mass, it is the planet that rotates with the greatest speed, so a day on Jupiter lasts 9 hours and 50 minutes.
The most recent space missions seek to unravel the mysteries of this giant of the Solar System
During the Galileo mission, which took place in 1989, several observations were made on Jupiter. It has been observed that some areas produce storms so intense that they could engulf a planet three times the size of Earth. Scientists had hoped to find a world without any traces of life, but on some of its moons there might be water and therefore some form of life. Jupiter
Jupiter’s 60+ moons are noteworthy as they are very active from a geological point of view. Scientists believe it’s possible that the giant solar system is contracting, and for this reason it gives off large amounts of energy .
The Great Red Spot and the curious clouds of the Solar System giant
In several space projects the Great Red Spot of Jupiter was observed. It is a hurricane that is twice the size of the Earth. Currently, some of its characteristics are still unknown. Jupiter
Its northern hemisphere has strange clustered clouds that coat its atmosphere through a unique appearance. It is not known for sure what the ingredients of these clouds are.
Observations of both phenomena generate all sorts of doubts (for example, scientists do not know if there is a solid core inside Jupiter and also ignore the exact functioning of its magnetic fields). The Juno space probe is dedicated to the analysis of this curious planet and the great challenge is to know what its interior is made of. Researchers believe that once the mystery of the composition of its interior is known, it will be possible to better understand the formation of the Solar System.
- – After the Sun, Moon and Venus, it is the brightest planet in the Solar System. Jupiter
- – Its name comes from the most powerful god in Roman mythology, which corresponds to the god Zeus in Greek mythology.
- – Its orbit around the Sun has a duration of 11 Earth years.
- – Ganymede is one of its moons and the largest in the Solar System.
- – Its four largest moons are known as Galilean moons.
- – Jupiter’s magnetic field is extremely powerful and totally different from other planets.