High public office is not outside the law, so any representative can be tried. This cool figure is internationally known as impeachent. To put this type of impeachment process into practice it is necessary for parliament to reach a consensus so that the accused can be tried. However, in practice, it is believed that the impeachment is really a political judgment . The case of Dilma Rousseff, in Brazil, in 2016, is a very current and typical example at the moment.
The term impeachment can be translated in several ways, such as: motion of censure , impeachment, prosecution policy or challenge.
When an agent is subject impeachment must take the possibility of being rejected by the legislature representing the popular will. Now, if the vote of parliamentarians opposes the representative, usually the president of a nation, he is removed and can no longer exercise his functions.
Both sides of impeachment
Originally, impeachment arose in England in the 14th century, with the intention of the monarch not being protected by the laws, so that he could be removed from office if the representatives of the people reached an agreement through the vote. Therefore, at first, it was presented as a valid mechanism for the representative of the executive branch to have a limitation in the face of possible abuses. However, some believe that the impeachment has now become a major coup, camouflaged and promoted by the representatives of the people.
The impeachment of the president of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff
In 2016, the process of impeachment or impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff began. She was accused of using money from public coffers for the purpose of covering up the state’s deficit , a strategy that goes against the law. Opposition lawmakers consider these signs to be enough to initiate an impeachment.
From this moment on, the impeachment began with all procedures and votes established by law, as it is necessary for the two chambers of representatives to pronounce themselves and store a percentage of votes determined in favor of the definitive removal of the president. This complex process was put into practice with Dilma Rousseff, who after the relevant votes was removed from her post and, consequently, the vice president of the nation assumed power.
Although impeachment was part of the Anglo-Saxon legal tradition in Latin America, it has already taken place in several places, such as Argentina, Guatemala, Venezuela and in the aforementioned case of Brazil.