In Ukrainian the word hodomor means death by hunger. However, this term is used to refer to a more specific moment in Ukrainian history, the period between 1932 and 1933. During this phase the Ukrainian people faced a devastating situation: poor grain harvest and a brutal repression directed by the Soviet leader Losif Stalin. Holodomor
In the early 1930s Ukraine was already part of the Soviet Union, but it had some economic autonomy. Until then, the Ukrainian people enjoyed economic prosperity and, in this sense, Ukraine was known as the bread basket of Europe, as the cultivation of grain from its crops was exported to the entire continent . From a political and cultural point of view, the Ukrainians demanded greater autonomy in relation to the central power in Moscow and there was a social climate of cultural exaltation. Holodomor
the communist reaction
Stalin considered that Ukrainian prosperity could pose a danger to the unity of the Soviet Union and to the communist project. For this reason, he put in place a strategy to weaken Ukraine. This strategy had several fundamentals:
1) Impose the collectivization of agricultural land and suppress the production system of Ukrainian peasants;
2) Prosecute and repress all those who opposed collectivization (if anyone was against the measures instituted, they were considered an enemy of the people and for this reason sent to a concentration camp or gulag);
3) Confiscate the planting of grain from farmers; Holodomor
4) Isolate the population through army control so that they could not have access to any source of food.
The result of all this was devastating: millions of Ukrainians died of hunger and during the harsh Soviet repression episodes of authentic terror were experienced (whole families died for lack of food, murders, looting, cases of cannibalism, peasants burned alive, etc.) .
Consequences of Genocide
Historians consider that the Ukrainian holodomor or genocide can be compared to the holocaust suffered by Jews in World War II. Holodomor
Regarding the number of dead, there are several versions (a minimum of 3 million and a maximum of 15). In any case, every fourth Saturday of November in Ukraine millions of candles are lit in honor of the victims of the Holodomor.
The company Ukrainian seeks to keep alive the memory of the Holodomor (1932-1933), because during the communist the agencies officers prevented if he knew the truth about the Ukrainian genocide.
Some Russian historians reject the official Ukrainian version and claim that this period of famine not only hit Ukraine, it also took place in other territories of the Soviet Union (for example, in Uzbekistan). On the other hand, the Russian government still does not recognize the Ukrainian genocide. Holodomor