Themes

What is Hiroshima and Nagasaki day definition/concept

In early August 1945 the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were attacked by two nuclear bombings causing the death of around 250,000 civilian casualties from the effects of the explosion and radiation. The final order to bomb the two cities was given by the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman. Hiroshima and Nagasaki day

Bombing Consequences

The first direct consequence was Japan’s surrender and the end of World War II. It should be noted that the Nazis had also surrendered months ago after Adolf Hitler’s suicide.

Many of the survivors were seriously injured and homeless, with every kind of sequel in relation to health because of exposure to radiation. In this sense, since then, cancer rates and genetic birth defects in Hiroshima and Nagasaki have been very high. Hiroshima and Nagasaki day

Key data of interest

– The bomb that fell in Hiroshima is known as the Little Boy and the one in Nagasaki is called the Fat Man;

– A part of the survivors was marginalized by the Japanese themselves, as they believed that their diseases were very contagious;

– The city of Nagasaki was not the real target of attack, but the city of Kokura. This city 150 km from Nagasaki was not bombed because the 9th of August was very cloudy and did not allow aerial visibility;

– Two weeks before the bombing, the United States gave Japan an ultimatum: either surrender or suffer a nuclear attack. The Japanese leaders did not even respond and would only surrender a week after the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Hiroshima and Nagasaki day

– Although President Truman believed that nuclear bombs were necessary to force Japan’s surrender, months earlier the former President of the United States (Dwight D. Eisenhower) opposed this launch , as he understood that bombing was not necessary and that the Japanese would eventually surrender;

– The atomic bomb project was part of a secret operation: the Manhattan Project. Scientists from the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada had been researching nuclear energy because they knew that the Germans were also developing a parallel nuclear program : Project Uranium . A month before the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs were dropped, the first successful atomic test took place in the city of Los Alamos, a desert area in New Mexico. Hiroshima and Nagasaki day

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