The chamsa or hamsa, also known as the Hand of Fatima and other denominations, is a symbol used as a protective amulet. The word hamsa or chamsa is used in Hebrew and Arabic and in both cases it means five.
The symbol consists of an image of a hand with three fingers raised and usually two thumbs arranged symmetrically. The fingers of the hand can point up or down, and sometimes the hand contains another type of symbol, such as the Star of David or other religious inscriptions.
Hamsa in Islam and Judaism
In Islam, the hamsa symbolizes the five pillars of the religion: the witness of faith, prayer, helping the needy or Zakat, the fasting of Ramadan and the pilgrimage to Mecca. For the Jews, it represents the five books that make up the Torah : Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
Followers of Islam claim that the Hamsa or Hand of Fatima is related to Fatima, daughter of the Prophet Mohammed. For Jews this symbol represents Miriam, the older sister of Moses.
in the world of esoterism
Esoteric experts say that, like any other amulet, the hamsa must be cleaned before use so that its negative energies can disappear. For this, a white candle, coarse salt, incense , a deep crystal dish, earth, holy water and essence of rue are used.
After gathering these ingredients, the hamsa undergoes a process of purification or spiritual cleansing for several successive days. At the end of the procedure, the amulet is ready to use.
Its protective properties are diverse. In the first place , it serves to protect against harm. It is especially used to ward off illnesses and attract good luck. On the other hand, those who believe in its power find it helps to be more patient and less irritable, as well as helping to combat the evil eye and prevent natural disasters.
For its power to be effective, it is customary to place the amulet on a wall or on the door of the house and pray for the desired protection.
Those who believe in the power of amulets or talismans cling to them as an element that gives them strength and protection against any kind of evil or threat . Some of the objects used in this sense are the following: the eye of the horus, the saktl, the ashanti, the ik-ga-oh or the Atlantean ring.