The word gynecology means science or knowledge of women and is a specialty of medicine that studies everything related to pathologies and medical circumstances of women (pregnancy, hormonal problems, breast cancer, reproduction techniques, care for pregnant women, periodic exams , incontinence, childbirth care, etc.).
Gynecology is one of the areas of medicine in which it has several branches.
Obstetrics is a specific field that takes care of childbirth, giving full support to the woman and the baby so that they are in excellent health conditions (this procedure is known as prenatal care). The gynecologist also takes care of possible pregnancy-related pathologies (such as an ultrasound of the fetus to monitor its development). Surgery is also another specific branch. We must know that childbirth is an intervention with risks and complications can arise, as shown in the case of cesarean sections.
One of the most important aspects of this discipline is the advice of the gynecologist in relation to three very important issues for society : women’s health, contraceptive methods and sexually transmitted diseases.
The gynecologist needs to be in contact with other medical professionals, such as: the surgeon, clinician, radiologist and urologist.
Specialists in this field of medicine recommend having the first gynecological exam from the beginning of active sexual life or when menstruation begins. The ideal would be if the exams were periodic and every year, regardless of the woman’s age.
Usually any gynecological exam includes a medical history, abdominal, pelvic and breast exam, as well as cytology to control cell production and tests to prevent cervical cancer (the Pap smear).
From a psychological point of view, some women reject the assessment for fear of physical pain or shame, since touching their genitals causes a feeling of invasion of their intimacy. Gynecologists advise not to be afraid because the gynecological examination is absolutely necessary to prevent illnesses and for the early identification of some problems (for example, breast cancer).