The architecture Gothic is an artistic style developed in Europe since the twelfth century to the fifteenth century. As an artistic current it is located in a period between the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance , a time that can be summarized with the following coordinates: society and feudal economy , intense religious wars (the Crusades), growth of cities, growth of the bourgeoisie as a new social class and a deep feeling of religiosity in the population. Gothic Architecture
In this historical context, it is obvious that the most characteristic construction of Gothic architecture is the cathedral, symbol of the power of the church, as it is majestic and large in size. These Gothic constructions stand out for their pointed arches (the warheads), used as ornamental structures to house religious iconographies.
Vaults (for example, ribs or quadripartites) are also used to achieve more height and thus show the greatness of God in relation to human beings. Buttresses were used to support the weight of the structure . As decorative elements, several different sculptures were incorporated (such as gargoyles) as well as windows and rosettes. Gothic Architecture
The essential architectural concepts of the Gothic style are luminosity and elevation, both ideals serving spirituality
In this sense, there is a religious philosophical debate between reason and faith, so the Gothic architecture represents the triumph and predominance of faith. The material of existence must be subjected to the spiritual and this assessment is present in the first Gothic construction, the Cathedral of Saint Denis, built in Paris at the beginning of the 12th century. The Gothic cathedral demonstrates to the faithful that the afterlife is the true end of human existence. Gothic Architecture
Although there are some general features in Gothic architecture, each country has its own peculiarities.
France is the cradle of architectural style, with the cathedrals of Chartres and Paris being the most important. In Spain, the cathedrals of León, Burgos, Gerona and Ávila are among the most notable. In England, Gothic does not have an exclusive religious character, yet civil constructions such as the Tower of London were built. The Italian Gothic style demonstrates a less ostentatious grandeur, because it is an art promoted by religious orders that preach poverty (more particularly the Franciscans). Gothic Architecture