The New Testament presents four accounts of Jesus’ life that are known as the canonical gospels (Mark, Luke, John and Matthew). At the same time, there are a number of gospels that were not integrated into the New Testament, as the official Christian church understood that they were not inspired by God. Gospel of Thomas
These accounts are known as apocryphal gospels , one of them being the Gospel of Thomas. This disparity of stories about Jesus of Nazareth reveals a fact: the early Christians had very different criteria about the figure of their teacher.
A significant example of these currents are Jewish Christians, who believed that Jesus was an exceptional man but did not share the virgin birth and rejected the idea of resurrection.
The discovery of the Gospel of Thomas provided new information about early Christianity
In 1945, in the Egyptian city of Nag Hammadi, near Luxor, 13 Coptic codices were found, among them more precisely the Gospel According to Thomas. It is believed that these texts were hidden around the 4th century AD. C as the end to avoid its destruction .
At the same time, specialists believe that they were written by Christian Gnostics, who consider that every human being carried within him a divine part and through a process of knowledge it was possible to reach the resurrection. The Gnostic movement was harshly persecuted by the official church and its followers ended up being heretics.
In the Gospel of Thomas there is a short prologue accompanied by 114 sentences, all attributed to the Messiah of the Christians.
In this apocryphal gospel there is much information about the doctrine spread by Jesus of Nazareth. Thus, statements related to their contempt for enrichment are attributed and reflections arise on the search for truth, forgiveness of sins and the kingdom of God. Experts emphasize one point: in these manuscripts there is no information about Jesus’ resurrection, his crucifixion, or his miracles.
However, from a doctrinal point of view, the content of the Gospel of Thomas does not break with the canonical gospels.
Biblical scholars and researchers consider this account to be important because through it it is possible to better understand the historical context of the first Christian communities. Finally, it is noteworthy that Thomas presents himself as the main disciple of Jesus, an element that contradicts the rest of the canonical gospels.