Scientists know that the set of natural phenomena can be expressed in mathematical language. For example, Newton showed that the laws governing the movements of the stars have a mathematical expression . This idea fits all sciences such as physics, biology, economics or medicine. Thus, plants grow following mathematical rules, just as what happens with the development of animals or any other reality that can be evaluated in a mathematical way. Golden Number
The golden number and its properties
This number is a constant that represents the relationship between the sides of a rectangle. Its symbol is φ and its value is 1.6180. It is, therefore, an irrational number, that is, an infinite number and not a periodic one. As for its origin, it comes from the properties of some types of rectangles. It should be noted that a rectangle that has this ratio (the golden ratio) has the longest side and is divided by the shortest side, this is equivalent to φ. Thus, a golden rectangle has the following properties:
1) The sub-rectangle created from the larger rectangle is also a golden rectangle, which means that both rectangles are proportional;
2) The square of φ and its inversion have the same decimal numbers;
The golden proportion is present in everyday life
Many of the everyday structures around us are rectangular in shape (calculators, books, screens, sports fields, pages, etc.). This shape is considered to be as harmonic as possible and in most cases the golden ratio is used for your design.
The origin of the golden number and its interpretation
In the texts of the ancient world (especially the Babylonian and Egyptian civilization) references to the golden proportion appear. However, there is no definitive proof that demonstrates that it is consciously used by mathematicians, architects or astronomers. The first mathematician who specifically mentioned a golden number was the Greek Euclides, in the 4th century BC. Ç.
As early as the 16th century, mathematician Luca Pacioli stated that the golden number expresses the perfection of the universe and for this reason it refers to the divine proportion, from which it is understood that the value of this number compares to the principles of God (for example, both the concept of God as the golden number are immeasurable ideas).