Buddhism is a religious current based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. The four noble truths are the fundamental principles of this doctrine. According to the sacred texts, Buddha left the palace where he was sheltered to start a pilgrimage.
On his way he observed a person who was sick, an elderly person and a deceased individual . This reality made him think that the world has an essential component, suffering. He then decided that it was necessary to think about what should be the cause that causes suffering in its different versions.
The four noble truths are the conclusions that Buddha reached during his meditation.
The first truth asserts that life is steeped in suffering or dukkha. This means that we have to realize that it is practically impossible to think about the existence of someone or something without associating the different forms of suffering. Four Noble Truths
The origin of dukkha constitutes the second noble truth. So, our passions and attachment to life is the force that drives us to suffering.
When we are able to turn away from the worldly desires that lead to suffering, we will have reached the third noble truth.
The extinction of passions and desires in turn imply the attainment of nirvana.
The fourth noble truth is that we perceive the path that leads to the cessation of suffering and the attainment of nirvana. This path must be followed when thought , language and our performed actions are on the right path. In Buddhism, the idea of the right path means that we avoid opposite extremes in all dimensions of existence. Four Noble Truths
Happiness in Buddhism
In colloquial language, it can be said that the four noble truths are the way to happiness. In Buddhism, being happy is not related to satisfying desires or obtaining material objects, as this interpretation of happiness is unstable and fleeting.
For Buddhists, the source of unhappiness lies in our minds. When we are mentally discredited, we feel pain. Likewise, when we are clean-minded and far from suffering, we are destined for spiritual fullness .
In short , inner peace or nirvana is what helps us to let go of the bonds of pleasure and pain. The state of happiness is not something magical, but it must be trained with a series of vital attitudes: not taking things too seriously, accepting things as they are and avoiding the hassles.