Achieving the highest speed possible is the fundamental idea of some sports, such as cycling, athletics, swimming, motorcycling, or motor racing. After the appearance of the first cars at the end of the 19th century, sporting competitions began to be organized, and, in 1950, a new world championship began, Formula 1. The cars used in this modality are single-seat and stand out for their power. engine and aerodynamic resistance.
The biggest category in motorsport
Each event in this competition is known as a Grand Prix. The driver with the highest score in these races achieves the Driver’s World Championship triumph. At the same time, Formula 1 also rewards car manufacturing teams (drivers who compete for a team earn points during each Grand Prix and the final score is awarded with the World Manufacturers’ Championship).
The International Automobile Federation is the entity that organizes this sport competition.
A high risk sport
In Formula 1, all sorts of incidents occur with a certain frequency, both on the circuits and in the pit area. There have already been cases of running over mechanics and stewards, fires during the race, electrical discharges and fatal accidents (more than forty drivers have died throughout the history of the championship).
A technology laboratory
Technological innovations play an important role. In recent years, regenerative brakes have been created, new clothing for drivers to withstand fire and sensors that capture the car’s operation in real time. It can be said that Formula 1 is a laboratory of constant technological renewal .
Current cars reach a speed close to 350 km / h and in just over two seconds go from 0 to 100 km / h.
In addition to the sporting spectacle, Formula 1 is big business (the income obtained is surpassed only by football and the Olympic Games).
Three types of tires are used depending on the characteristics of the circuit and the weather (dry, intermediate and wet). They are made of rubber and a combination of sulphide, charcoal and oil.
On some circuits pilots have to withstand cabin temperatures in excess of 50 degrees. To combat the heat and humidity, the rider activates a flexible bag of liquid that is connected to a tube and hits his helmet at mouth height.
The expression “pole position” does not originate in motorsport, as it comes from the world of equestrianism.
When braking the car, the drivers support 5 gravities, that is, their body weight multiplied by five.