Extortion occurs when someone coerces another person to perform an act contrary to their will in order to obtain some benefit, usually of a lucrative type.
Generally, to achieve his objective, the extortionist uses violence or any other type of intimidation against the extorted person. This type of offense bears a certain resemblance to robbery and blackmail.
It is a felony offense and generally the one who commits is part of a group called organized crime. In any case, extortion is based on intimidation and the use of some form of violence. “Either you pay me $1,000 or your family is in danger,” “You accept protection or I burn your trade ” These are common phrases that involve extortion.
One or more criminals demand a certain amount of money from the victim in exchange for protection. This criminal practice is part of the mafia tradition.
An individual is detained against his will for the purpose of blackmailing his family to pay a ransom for his release.
The prison extortion takes place over the telephone and consists of a prisoner who poses as a member of a criminal gang blackmailing the victim with some kind of threat .
Sexual extortion on social media consists of blackmailing someone not to share images of sexual content. Those who commit this type of offense can be the victim’s ex-husband, a pedophile or directly a professional blackmailer.
From the point of view of psychology
The extortionist knows that threats cause a lot of fear and blocks the victim’s mind. Extortion is based on the fear that affects the injured person. As a general rule, there are three aspects involved: the surprise factor, the emotional imbalance and the lack of information . The fear that occurs after an extortion call can trigger two different reactions:
1) hang up the phone and ask for some help;
2) feel paralyzed and continue the conversation with the blackmailer.
Extortion of entrepreneurs and traders
Entrepreneurs and merchants are potential victims of this type of crime. For this reason, experts recommend increasing security measures and developing a strategic plan to act in the face of possible extortion. It should be noted that in some countries many companies were forced to close because they were unwilling or unable to pay the ” war tax ” of groups involved in extortion.