Following the political theory of the division of powers, the executive branch is responsible for managing the State , with the mission of executing and enforcing laws. Executive Power
It is essential to emphasize that the executive power is interdependent on the legislative and judicial powers, so that one does not overtake the others.
division of executive power
According to the functions performed, it is possible to carry out three subdivisions of the executive power.
First, we can mention its regulatory function , through which the executive branch can dictate regulations and decrees that must be complied with by citizens. Secondly, we mention its administrative function, which includes the work developed in ministries, regency, governments, delegations, secretariats or companies in the state. And lastly, there is the political function, which seeks the objective of having citizens satisfied in the best possible way. For this, the executive branch takes measures such as the appointment of ministers, the signing of treaties and trade agreements with other countries.
Executive branch organization
There are usually two large groups when it comes to dividing countries in terms of how to organize their executive power. On the one hand are the parliamentary systems of English tradition. This system usually carried out by the cabinet is different from the figure of the Head of State, in that it has more specific and concrete functions. This cabinet, depending on the country, is headed by a prime minister (in England), a chancellor (in Germany) or a president of the government (in Spain) and chosen by members of the National Parliament. It is important to highlight that citizens choose the members of Parliament and these, in turn, are responsible for choosing the representatives of the executive power.
In the case of the presidential system whose best example is found in the United States, the president is just a figure with the position of Head of Government or Head of State, being chosen directly through popular elections.
A particular case is the French system, as it contains part of both forms of organizing the executive power, which is why in many cases it is called a mixed system. Thus, there is a dual authority system in which the president is chosen by the citizens in free elections, while the prime minister is elected by the members of parliament.