Dialectic is called a relationship between two particular cases that are solved by a third, fundamentally, it is a way of rationalizing phenomena characteristic of some philosophical currents. Dialectics
It can also refer specifically to how to start a dialogue (dialectics is derived from Greek expressions referring to dialogue and technique ). The relationship between dialogue and philosophy is very close. In fact, in the past, philosophical ideas were mainly carried out by oral transmission, with writing being a more common means of dissemination. A typical case, observed in Plato’s dialogues, shows us Socrates conversing with partners and exposing his philosophical perspective. In this case, dialogue functioned as a means of exchanging questions and answers, and had the consequence of sharing the truth among all involved. Dialectics
The term is applied to a new meaning in the 18th century as a result of a new philosophical bent that is realized thanks to Hegel
This vision understands reality as a sequence of opposites that are resolved into a third position that breaks down all barriers. Thus, the concepts of thesis, antithesis and synthesis can be useful. Today, perhaps this logic may seem strange in that it has a metaphysical dimension .
However, it is important to point out that the different strands of thought that we have until today are based on the present. So, all existing things must be understood and to resolve all contradictions. It is noteworthy that, for Hegel, this whole process of dialectics, that is, of argumentation, was part of the spirit. Everything meant God to Hegel, a clearly pantheistic position. Dialectics
In Marx, this position is completely inverted
It was imagined that everything that exists was part of God. Marx denies the existence of this thought, keeping to the argumentation process. Thus, material processes follow a pattern of thesis, antithesis and synthesis. In particular, history follows a process of class struggle, between the oppressors and the oppressed. The last phase of this conflict would be the bourgeoisie against the proletariat , a conflict that would end with a classless society . Dialectics
As can be seen, the dialectical view has an enormous relevance with regard to the interpretation of reality at the metaphysical level. A way of interpreting that today seems very far away. Dialectics