In the early 19th century, the first bicycles had other names, such as celerifers, velocipedes or velocifers. These first devices that were driven by pedals connected to large wheels with gears evolved with the incorporation of brakes and a reduction in weight. Cycling
In 1869 the first cycling competition was held between the cities of Rouen and Paris. With this race, cycling began as a sport .
The Tour de France
In most sports, the Olympic Games are the most prestigious sporting event. However, this criterion does not apply to cycling, as the Tour de France is the most important competition internationally. Cycling
The first Tour de France was held in 1903 on the initiative of the sports newspaper L’Equipe. In the first two editions, night stages were held and for many years the cyclists themselves had to repair the broken bicycles. In 1919, he started the custom of putting a yellow maillot (type of swimsuit) on the winner of each stage. Fans followed the news through the press and around 1930 the first radio broadcasts appeared. In 1952, French television broadcast the first images of the Tour. In 1955, an important technical advance was introduced: the use of photo-finish to accurately determine the winner of the race. In 1966, the first anti-doping tests were carried out and cyclists expressed their protest through a strike.
Throughout the Tour’s history there have been several reigns. Thus, Anquetil, Merckx, Hinault and Indurain achieved five victories. This record was surpassed by the North American Lance Armstrong with seven consecutive victories between 1999 and 2005, but his triumphs were invalidated when the Anti-Doping Agency of the United States demonstrated that in all of them the cyclist had the help of some doping substance. Cycling
Cycling is divided into three types of competition: road, track and mountain. The Tour de France and the Giro d’Italia are examples of the first modality. Cycling
In its on-track version, competitions are held on a velodrome and with a wide range of alternatives: individual and team speed, kilometers against the clock, individual and team pursuit or the Keirin modality (a motorcyclist sets the pace for cyclists until the start, then the cyclists start a sprint for a reduced number of laps).
Mountain biking began to be practiced as a competitive sport in the 1970s in California.