Communism is a political doctrine developed in Europe in the 19th century. Although rooted in antiquity, the main driver of this philosophical and political approach is the German thinker Karl Marx. In fact, Marxism and Communism are terms that are sometimes used interchangeably.
There are several perspectives from which it is possible to analyze communism: as a philosophical issue, in its historical dimension or in the practical application of some countries throughout the 20th century. In this sense, a general idea of communism with an ideological focus is presented.
First of all, communism is harshly critical of the capitalist model and the social system.
The mechanisms of the capitalist economy and its implicit values are considered elements that have caused inequality and injustice among men. Consequently, communists contrast with the accumulation of capital by private power and propose that production and goods be generated by the community. Thus, the objective of this ideology is to achieve the abolition of social classes, the disappearance of rich and poor, as well as oppressors and oppressed people. The desire that drives the communist movement from its origins is equality among men.
To achieve their goal the communists propose revolutionary social change. So that the group of workers can take power and create the so-called dictatorship of the proletariat
The economy of communism is based on state planning (the five-year plans), which determine production objectives to meet the needs of individuals. As the free market characteristic of the capitalist system does not exist, it is the state that determines the priorities of the population. And for this system to work, the existence of a single party that represents the whole of society is necessary .
In relation to the values of communism, this movement proposes the general interest over the particular, solidarity against individualism and equality over freedom . Likewise, the idea of competitiveness is rejected and a criterion opposed to cooperation is defended.