The language of war has an extensive vocabulary and this, unfortunately, happens because there are wars all over the planet. The Cold War concept refers to a historical period, specifically new in the world order that emerged from the end of World War II.
After the World War, the two victorious nations, the United States and the Soviet Union, imposed their hegemony on almost every planet. There were two blocks in all directions. On one side, two large military forces, the Warsaw Pact and NATO. On the other hand, the United States symbolized the capitalist system and the Soviet Union represented the communist ideal. Most nations were linked to one country or the other. This situation provoked a constant tension, a balance of forces that on more than one occasion was on the verge of breaking out a new world war. Thus, to describe this context, the term Cold War was created.
For several decades, the two blocs began building an arsenal of powerful, destructive and defensive weapons, while at the same time spawning another issue: the conquest of space. This competition of military and technological forces meant the risk of a military confrontation, just as the concept of the Cold War precisely expressed the level of tension that existed. Cold War
The moment of greatest tension between the two nations occurred in 1962. The Soviets installed nuclear missiles in Cuba, which were aimed at the United States. Historians considered that this fact could lead to a military conflict , but for the world’s good it did not happen. The result was that the Soviet Union withdrew the missiles (this conflict was called the missile crisis ) and in return the United States pledged not to invade Cuba. In order for this conflict not to start again, a kind of dialogue was activated between them, which received the name of red telephone. By successfully overcoming this crisis, the Cold War lost its real threat .
From a historical point of view, the Cold War was a stage that ended completely with the end of the Soviet Union in 1991. The two superpowers had an ideological confrontation and military tension, but that did not translate into an explicit attack , although the tension has been permanent and the danger of war constant.