What is Civil Society definition/concept

In society as a whole , citizens can create all kinds of organization s to replace or complement the state. This type of organization is known by a general term: civil society. This name refers to entities of different natures: cultural, business, sports or neighborhood.

The idea of ​​civil society must be understood as the sum of all organization s that are spontaneously created in a society.

On the other hand, this concept is associated with three main characteristics: plurality, independence from the state and interest in citizenship.

Civil society organizations and the state

The set of entities that make up civil society drive services to the community. Its action is aimed at improving the services and benefits offered by the state. In other words, they are associations of individuals that try to respond to a series of needs for which the state does not provide an effective and satisfactory response.

An association for the disabled is made up of people with some physical, psychological or sensory limitation. This type of membership is well aware of the needs of its members. The State can subsidize these organization s or supervise their  management, but the direct intervention of the State cannot replace the proximity of these entities to its own reality .

To make social organizations more effective, it is common to form collective platforms grouped into sectors

Thus, the social economy sector is composed of companies and entities that seek economic benefit, but without forgetting values ​​such as: solidarity , cooperation or integration of the most disadvantaged.

In order to speak of an authentic civil society, it is necessary for a country to have a democratic regime in which individual rights and freedoms are respected. In a non-democratic state, the concept of civil society is empty of content, as individuals cannot freely organize themselves to defend their interests and concerns.

From a business point of view

The acronym S/C refers to a type of company: civil society. Thus, when several people agree to pool resources for a common purpose, a business organization is established whose legal form is known as civil society.

The objective of this business modality is obviously of an economic character, but not of a speculative type.

Every entity based on commercial speculation is called a corporation and governed by the commercial code. In contrast, civil society is legally governed by the civil code.

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