What is Brassica Napus/meaning/concept

This plant from Europe and the cruciferae family is normally used as forage to feed livestock due to its high protein content . On the other hand, it has seeds with which it is possible to produce oil for human consumption or as biodiesel. At the same time, it receives the visit of the bees for the pollination process . Due to misuse of herbicides it can become a weed. Brassica Napus

Main features

It is normally an annual plant. Its root is thick and its leaves are serrated. The flowers are grouped in bunches and have a yellow color. It grows in well-drained land, needs little water and adapts well to periods of drought.

As for sowing, the ideal period is the end of summer.

a medicinal plant

Brassica Napus has healing properties. Its root, also known as turnip, has several medicinal uses: relieves itchy skin, calms cough, reduces the effects of bronchitis, combats rheumatism and pertussis, eliminates gallstones and is a laxative remedy. Brassica Napus

For its healing effects to be effective, it needs to be properly prepared (usually, boil a pint of water with the root and then drink a hot cup).

A very well known plant in Galicia

In popular cuisine, its leaves are cooked and used to prepare stews (this tradition is rooted in some Galician cities, as it serves to season the Galician broth). On the other hand, the forage obtained is used to complement the cattle feed when pastures are insufficient.

In Galicia, its root is called turnip, the tender leaves are turnip greens and sprouts refer to the tender stems that appear during the plant’s flowering. Brassica Napus

The sprouts come from the turnip, are very present in the markets and are used to prepare some typical dishes: lacão with sprouts, scrambled or boiled. This vegetable has an intense flavor and must be properly prepared before being used in the kitchen (wash the sprouts with warm water, remove the yellow leaves and if the plant variety has a very bitter taste, boil the vegetable. ).

It’s hard to find fresh sprouts in the furthest markets of Galicia. Although today this vegetable is appreciated for its anti-cancer and antioxidant properties, it was formerly considered a harmful vegetable. Brassica Napus

Both turnip greens and sprouts are an important source of vitamins A, E and C, as well as potassium and iron.

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