From its earliest origins, Christianity has had diverse theological currents. One of them is Arianism. This appellation refers to Arius, a 3rd century AD priest and ascetic. C, who lived in Alexandria and was a disciple of Lucian of Antioch, from whom he assumed a very particular thesis about the figure of Jesus Christ: his nature was half human, half divine. Arianism
A current that questioned the official Christian church
This priest of Alexandria denied the dogma of the Trinity . Thus, he understood that the son of God should be understood as a being totally subordinate to the Father. At the same time, he affirmed that Jesus Christ was the adopted son of God. In this way, Jesus Christ was not considered God and simply a man whose mission was to collaborate with the Creator. In this sense, the Son does not know the Father, therefore, he cannot reveal anything about him.
Arius’ teachings were gaining adherents among the members of the Christian church, especially in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula and the territories of Antioch.
In the Roman Empire, the doctrine of Arianism was consolidated among the nobles, the military and political elites. This situation caused a division within Christianity, since on the one hand there was the official Roman version and, on the other, the Aryan current.
At the Council of Nicea, in 325 d. C, there was an anathema against Arianism
Emperor Constantine was concerned about the rise of Arianism in his domains and for this reason he promoted the Council of Nicaea. There Christian bishops gathered to discuss the doctrines of Arius and his followers. The council’s main conclusion was to discredit those who questioned the dogma of the Trinity and denied the deity of Jesus Christ.
The anathema or condemnation against Arianism meant the expulsion of this current from the bosom of the church. In other words, his followers turned to heretics. Although this heretical current was weakening over time, its principles did not fail to be maintained. In this sense, Jehovah’s Witnesses are considered their natural heirs.
Other heretical currents
The Gnosticism developed between centuries I and III and his followers claimed they had an order of knowledge superior to faith (in the Middle Ages, the Cathars, also known as Cathars, they followed the doctrines of Gnosticism).
Docetism emerged in the first century and in its principles the divine nature of Jesus Christ is denied and the fact of his crucifixion is still questioned.
Manichaeism emerged in the third century and according to its followers, God sent the prophet Mani to mankind to enlighten men about Good and Evil.
Montanism was developed in the 2nd century and was not intended to deviate from the official version of Christianity, but emphasized some prophetic aspects (they announced that the end times would occur in a short time).