This term comes from the Greek and is formed from the words apo and stasis. The first means to withdraw and the second means rebellion. This word is used in a religious context and indicates the separation of a person from a teaching religious. In other words, it is a break with some religious beliefs. Whoever is the protagonist in this decision is an apostate. Apostasy
Differences between apostate, atheist, agnostic and heretic
– An apostate is a person who expresses his desire to officially disassociate himself from a religious current or a church;
– An atheist is one who does not believe in the existence of a God;
– An agnostic does not deny its existence, but affirms that it is not probable;
– A heretic is one who teaches a religious doctrine different from the official doctrine, therefore, a heresy is an idea considered false (for example, for the Catholic Church the assertion that Christ is not God, held by Jehovah’s Witnesses , is a heresy ). Apostasy
In the context of the Catholic Church
In the Catholic tradition, children are baptized within a few days of their birth and from that moment onwards they become Catholics through the act of baptism. In this sense, when a Catholic becomes an adult, he can renounce his participation in the church and choose another Christian doctrine or else not be linked to any other church.
In practice it is a complex and very unusual procedure. In the first place , those who want to separate from the Catholic faith must submit a series of documents (basically, the baptismal certificate and the document of identity) and later one of apostasy form. All this is part of the corresponding diocese.
Finally, the heads of the diocese issue a document formally declaring that the applicant has abandoned the Catholic faith. Apostasy
The act of apostatizing may be motivated by the loss of faith or by not sharing the precepts of Catholicism
Those who make this decision consider it important that there is a document or certificate stating that he is no longer part of the Catholic Church.
In the context of Islam, there is a debate about what should be the punishment associated with the renunciation of the abandonment of the faith. Apostasy
When a follower of the Islamic faith decides to convert to another religion, for example, Christianity, he can be accused of apostasy. The punishment imposed may even be the death penalty. In this religious context, one who strays from beliefs is called murtad. Of course, the possibility of being punished for abandoning the faith provokes a controversy among the interpreters of Islam themselves.