The term anion to be analyzed here falls within the theory of the atom. Anion is also known as a negative ion and is an atom or molecule that has an extra charge of one or more negative electrons. A positive ion or cation is an atom that has lost one or more electrons due to the impact of an energetic force . Anion
The role of anions in the theory of the atom
Atoms are the basic elements that make up matter and are formed by subatomic particles, which are the neutrals, protons and electrons. Neutrons have no electrical charge, protons have a positive charge, and electrons have a negative charge. Neutrons and protons form the atomic nucleus and electrons meet around the nucleus. In this orbital zone it is likely to find an electron. Thus, when the atom loses electrons it becomes a positive ion or cation and, conversely, when the atom gains electrons in its orbital motion it becomes a negative ion or anion.
Positive and negative ions in relation to health
Both positive and negative ions are part of the air and therefore this creates a balanced or unbalanced atmosphere. If there is an excess of positive ions, the air quality is negatively affected. On the contrary, if anions are high, they bring benefits to the body. Anion
Positive ions are harmful to humans, as they increase blood pressure and acidity, weaken bones and impair the set of metabolic functions. On the contrary, negative ions or anions produce very positive effects. In this sense, places closer to the sea or natural mountain spaces are a source of negative ions, which have a wide variety of health effects: the respiratory system improves; the stress is eliminated and the mind is more relaxed; there is an improvement in digestive function ; positive hormonal changes, among other benefits.
In fact, people living in big cities who spend time in the countryside or on the beach feel a sense of physical well-being and this is due to the fact that the atmosphere is charged with anions.
It should be noted that negative ions in the atmosphere are produced as a result of electrical discharges from rays or by plant photosynthesis, two circumstances that normally occur in the natural environment and not in closed spaces. Anion