The word anarchy has a very precise etymology, as it means without government. It is used in two clearly differentiated senses: in the everyday context and in the sense of political doctrine.
It is often said that there is a situation of anarchy when there is an evident disorder in relation to the organization of something
Any human activity needs prior planning for its subsequent execution. If by any circumstance there is a situation of chaos or lack of control, this reality can be considered anarchy. In this case, the term is used in a derogatory way and as something pejorative, because anything that is chaotic is not desirable. Anarchy
Anarchy as a Political Doctrine
Anarchism is a philosophical and political doctrine that emerged in the 19th century, in Europe, as a response to the exploitation of labor to which workers were subjected, for example, in shifts of more than 10 hours, without social rights, child labor , etc.
The anarchist movement is contemporary with Marxism, in fact both doctrines have elements in common. They share the rejection of the workers’ situation, they want a great change in society and their ideas are revolutionary and utopian. Another common element is communism, as both doctrines believe that property ownership must be collective and private property must be abolished. Despite the similarities, there are many differences.
Anarchism opposes any form of state and government and defends self-management, that is, it is the workers themselves who need to organize themselves to take charge of the economy and their own lives. Anarchism does not accept the idea of one or several political parties, as well as the dictatorship of the proletariat typical of Marxist communism, since it is understood that power cannot be in the hands of any specific group. Anarchy
The anarchist ideals are not applied in any country, although there were exceptional moments that determined a series of proposals from the anarchist collective, as shown by the period of the Spanish civil war that, in some places, abolished the use of money, divided goods and gave to land a community dimension.
Historically speaking, anarchist thought has had two opposite sides
On the one hand, it defended individual freedom , the abolition of prostitution, money and any form of exploitation. The dark side of this movement has been terrorism and violence , two instruments used to end the established social order , considered unjust and oppressive. Anarchy
Anarchism is not a set of ideas from the past, as its values are part of ecologism, workers’ cooperatives and some alternative social movements. Anarchy as a political ideal is a desire for freedom for the individual and for society as a whole. Anarchy