From an architectural point of view, the amphitheater is the union or fusion of two theaters, in such a way that a spherical structure is formed , but specifically an eclipse . The term amphitheater means, precisely in Greek, two theaters, as the prefix amphis means two.
Just as the Greek civilization is the creator of theatres, the Roman civilization was the one who created the amphitheater, a place normally destined for all kinds of spectacle, such as gladiator fights, circus shows, animal fights or simulations of naval battles . Roman amphitheaters did not perform theatrical performances.
Structure of a Roman amphitheater
In the central part is located the arena (the stage), that is, the place where the activities intended to entertain the public are carried out. Around the arena were the caves and bleachers (place for spectators depending on their social position ). Below the arena was a pit for animals and storage for the material for the shows. And so that the public could be in good condition, there were covered bleachers to provide shade for the participants. Amphitheater
Bread and Circus
The Roman amphitheater was much more than just a playground
Nele, todas as classes sociais (patrícios, plebeus e escravos) se reuniam para discutir as despesas públicas. Os líderes acreditavam que o lazer servia como mecanismo de propaganda para manter o povo entretido. Esta ideia está resumida em uma conhecida expressão “pão e circo” (panem et circenses).
O público que comparecia aos espetáculos vestiam suas melhores roupas (de gala) e com lenços que simbolizavam seus gladiadores favoritos, algo que nos faz lembrar o futebol atual. Tudo o que acontecia nas arenas era comentados nas ruas, no senado e nos bordeis. Os anfiteatros representavam o imenso poder da civilização romana, pois neles era possível presenciar lutas entre gladiadores de qualquer raça e até mesmo lutas de animais selvagens. Amphitheater
O gladiador é o protagonista do anfiteatro
The most valued spectacle was the combat between gladiators. They could fight in pairs, in groups or as real armies. Gladiators were usually prisoners of war, trained slaves or sentenced to death. Before leaving for combat, they addressed the emperor with a phrase that was marked in history “Ave, Caezar, morituri te salutant” (Hail Caesar, those who are about to die salute you).