In the 1960s, British lawyer Peter Benenson founded an NGO with the intention of combating injustices related to human rights . This organization is known by the name Amnesty International (Amnesty International in English).
It is currently present throughout the world and has more than seven million members. In 1977, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In order to carry out its work completely independently , Amnesty International does not accept grants from any government and its funding is mainly based on the voluntary contributions of its members.
Historical origin and evolution
The founder of this entity was initially dedicated to denouncing the situation suffered by prisoners of conscience , that is, people who were in prison for their ideals and not for having committed a crime. His first action was a letter of denunciation in the British press explaining the situation of some political prisoners in Portugal. His campaign on behalf of these prisoners of conscience had a strong impact on the media and for this reason he decided to found Amnesty International.
Over time, this NGO incorporated other actions of denunciation, especially against the death penalty, torture, enforced disappearances, political repression and the defenseless situation of the civilian population in the face of armed conflicts. In short, this body carries out critical activism against any abuse of power that opposes human dignity and fundamental rights recognized in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Every year Amnesty International presents a report on the human rights situation in the world
The 2016/17 report analyzes the human rights situation in almost every nation on the planet. Among the numerous complaints presented, we can highlight the following: Amnesty International
– The murder of indigenous activist Berta Cáceres in Honduras;
– The death in Ethiopia of hundreds of protesters peacefully protesting against the forced eviction of their lands;
– The harsh repression in Turkey against political dissidents and journalists who denounced the repression;
– Crimes carried out by paramilitary groups in the Philippines with the aim of combating drug trafficking;
– Harassment of journalists and lawyers in several African countries.