This superjumbo class commercial aircraft is currently the largest in the world. Its height is equivalent to the seventh floor of a building and inside it accommodates 850 passengers. It was designed to compete with another major aircraft, the Boeing 747. What is Airbus A380?
The history of the Airbus A380 began in 1988 in the French city of Toulouse
Toulouse is home to the center of the French and European aeronautics industry, a sector historically dominated by major US companies.
Airbus is a business consortium formed by four manufacturers from France, Great Britain, Germany and Spain. Its trajectory began in the 1970s when manufacturing small and medium-sized aircraft (at that time, Boeing manufactured two of three commercial aircraft, among them the legendary 747).
When the design of the new passenger plane was presented, there were many doubts about its economic viability and about the technical aspects related to safety (the project was originally known by the acronyms A3XX). What is Airbus A380?
For 8 years, the company’s engineers faced the biggest challenge in civil aeronautics and to avoid industrial espionage, those responsible for the project met in a semi-abandoned building.
The main problem faced was the size of the aircraft, its weight and the deck structure (until then, passenger planes had a single deck inside a round fuselage and the new model introduced an oval-shaped fuselage). This and other technical innovations allowed the A380 to accommodate 25% more passengers than the Boeing 747 (this percentage represents 193 seats more than the competition ).
In 1996, the design of the new superjumbo was finally completed, and in 2005, the Airbus A380 was officially unveiled.
Other data of interest
The Airbus A380 is not manufactured entirely in Toulouse, as its wings are manufactured in the Welsh city of Broughton and the tail in the Andalusian city of Cádiz. Despite the high technology used , the assembly of the rivets is carried out manually.
Each aircraft incorporates more than 40,000 connectors and some 100,000 cables, each of its engines weighs 6 tons and each plane has more than 9,000 square meters of surface (it takes half a ton of paint and the work of 90 painters to finish it).
Although this aircraft offers all sorts of advantages, there is a drawback: only a few international airports have runways with the necessary dimensions for the landing and take-off of this superjumbo.