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What is Air Traffic Control definition/concept

Every day thousands of planes travel through the skies carrying millions of passengers. For this to be possible, strict air traffic control is needed. The professionals who carry out this activity are air traffic controllers. It is estimated that there are around 90,000 commercial flights a day across the planet, which means that half a million people travel by air. Air Traffic Control

A little of history

During the first decades of aviation history the number of flights was very small, consequently, it was not necessary to organize the airspace. Pilots sailed as if they were sailors, using a compass and a watch. Until the 1930s there was no generalized control over aircraft traffic. Gradually, an international air control system was created with the aim of preventing any type of accident. Air Traffic Control

It was during World War II that a radar system was introduced to know the location of planes in space. Radars emit waves that are reflected in flying devices. The echo detected by the radar antennas makes it possible to accurately determine the aircraft’s position. This system was improved in the 1960s with a more sophisticated radar that allows knowing more information about the plane, such as speed, altitude and aircraft identification.

a complex activity

Air traffic has an extensive control network that covers practically the entire planet. Logically, operations control centers carry out a complex activity. Thus, flight regulators prepare plans to specify the best way forward.

In aeronautics, the routes used are not in a straight line, as there are a series of parameters that must be taken into account so that flights are comfortable and safe for passengers (among the indicators that must be taken into account to ensure safety turbulence that arises in the trajectory of an airplane stand out).

A job of great responsibility

The lives of millions of passengers depend on controllers. These professionals execute the flight plans, from which they are transferred to the pilots. In this way, controllers and pilots deal with the same information. Air Traffic Control

Most air traffic controllers do not have a regular schedule. Each professional is normally responsible for a function , such as the landings and take-offs of planes. They must supervise the distances and operating time of the aircraft.

On the other hand, it is necessary to control the movements of aircraft on the ground (this function is performed by the bearing controller). When a professional acts inefficiently, delays increase. Air Traffic Control

When there are emergencies or risky situations , these professionals must make decisions within seconds.

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