Agrarian law is part of the legal system in most countries. This is a system that aims at the legal regulation of agrarian subjects with their rural property. It must be taken into account that the agrarian subject carries out any activity related to the agricultural sector. Thus, there are individual agricultural subjects, such as large landowners, co-owners, pensioners, small landowners, landless, etc. On the other hand, there are collective agrarian subjects, such as ejidos, agrarian communities, rural production units , among other collective figures.
From the standpoint of legal classification , agrarian law is a branch of social law , since agrarian issues are subject to specific legal protection (in this sense, agrarian law specifically protects the farmer). The social dimension of this branch of law is evident, since agricultural activities are directly related to the survival of a nation. Agrarian Law
The legislation that regulates agriculture is related to agrarian subjects, goods and established legal laws.
The purpose of agrarian law is to promote the balance of factors that are part of the agrarian world: the interests of the farmer, productivity and social justice .
Land exploitation has a series of aspects with legal implications, such as rural transit, the regime of associations, rural property and agricultural credit .
Roman law is the legal origin of most current legal issues
In the legal system of Roman civilization, norms were already established on limits, rural properties and on the rural use of water for land.
In Roman civilization, land ownership was in the hands of a small minority of landowners, but generally these lands belonged to large landowners, also known as landowners. Anyway, the lands conquered by the Romans were useful only if they were fertile, with areas of pasture and accompanied by forests.
It should be taken into account that in Ancient Rome the occupied lands that formed the rural territory were known as Ager Romanus, which can be translated as Roman countryside. In relation to the rural world, Roman law incorporates a series of ideas and concepts that continue to be used today: such as land in usufruct , agrarian subsidies or the nature of the land depending on who owns the property.