The 18th century went down in history as the Age of Enlightenment in Europe, thanks to the strength of a new mentality marked by the influence of culture and the desire for knowledge as a form of essential humanism . There is a phenomenon that made history in this context: the Enlightenment in France. A current that leverages the power of reason as a way to reach the truth of ideals. Furthermore, the Enlightenment shows a strong desire to democratize knowledge through access to culture for society .
This movement is holistic because it had a scientific, political, literary , artistic, social and philosophical impact . The great work of the Enlightenment is the Encyclopedia, known to renowned figures such as Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot and Montesquieu, who worked for a common goal. The Enlightenment was an inspiration for other countries in Europe. Age of Enlightenment
The Enlightenment adds value to the power of reason through a rationalism that exalts the logical form of knowledge of reality . This current is also humanist because it fights for the pursuit of human happiness as a good inherent to the act of living itself, that is, as a desire for personal fulfillment that is accompanied by the desire for knowledge itself. That is, knowing the truth is being happy because culture is food for the mind.
The reason is the light of knowledge
The Age of Lights is a metaphorical name that refers to reason being a light that serves to reach knowledge and understand the world through a gaze marked by the desire to overcome . For example, at the moment when reason is fundamental as the basis of science, superstition was totally excluded. Age of Enlightenment
From a political point of view, the Age of Enlightenment also fought against any form of absolutism to defend the importance of a system of government that seeks the common good of society. Likewise, separation of powers is fundamental to making fair decisions within a system of government.
The Enlightenment also sees nature as a perfect work of which the human being is a part. Rousseau believes that “man is good by nature”. From this perspective, it is an optimistic humanism regarding the good nature of the human heart. Age of Enlightenment