English Grammar

Substantiated words with examples in detail

Substantiated words

In English there are 9 types of words or grammatical categories with their own characteristics and functions. We can therefore find: Substantiated words with examples

  • Nouns
  • The pronouns
  • The determinants
  • The adjectives
  • Verbs
  • The adverbs
  • The prepositions
  • Conjunctions
  • Interjections

Each one of them fulfills its functions within a sentence and has its own characteristics. In the present case, we are going to see what nouns are in order to understand what substantiated words are.

Nouns are present in all sentences and are essential for this to make sense. These serve to identify a person, animal, thing, idea or place , that is, they are names. Therefore its main function is to name.

Definition of substantiated words

Now that we know what nouns are, we can point out that substantiated words are those that are going to change their original grammatical category to become a noun. To achieve this, it undergoes a process called nominal derivation.

Nominal derivation is a procedure by which a new word arises thanks to the union of a lexeme and an affix , the result of which fits within the grammatical category of the noun. In other words, thanks to the union of an affix and a lexeme we can obtain a noun with its characteristics and functions. Likewise, the words formed may be included in different types of nouns:

  • Deverbal nouns
  • Denominational nouns
  • Deadjective nouns

Next we are going to see each of them in depth so that you can identify them and get to know them much better.

Deverbal nouns

Deverbal nouns are those nouns that arise after a nominal derivation procedure between an affix and a verb. They are very common in our language and serve to designate the person who has performed the action of the original verb or places where said action is performed. To understand it better, we are going to see a series of examples of substantiated words from verbs :

  • Lighting: Lighting
  • Drink: Drink
  • Cook: Cook
  • Eat food
  • Buy: Buy
  • Sleeping: Bedroom
  • Scrub: Mop
  • Swear: Oath
  • Wash: Washing Machine
  • Wash: Laundry
  • Reform: Reformatory
  • Weave: Knitter
  • Cough: Cough
  • Win: Winner

Let’s look at sentences in which different words work differently

  • She swore by the most sacred thing that he had not deceived her in that matter.

In this case, swore is a verb and is used with this functionality within the sentence.

  • He swore to him that he had not deceived him in this matter.

In this case, the word oath, comes from the verb swear and has become a noun that functions as such in the sentence. Substantiated words with examples

Deadjective nouns

Deadjective nouns are those nouns that have arisen through a nominal derivation process in which an affix joined to an adjective has participated . We can find many examples since they are widely used to convert an adjective into a noun:

  • Acid: Acidity
  • Beautiful: beauty
  • Bobo: Bobada
  • Clear: clarity
  • Sweet: Sweetness
  • Sweet: sweetness
  • Lazy: Lazy
  • Honored: honesty
  • Fair: Justice
  • Loyal: loyalty
  • Slow: slow
  • Crazy: insanity
  • Bad: malice
  • Rookie: Hazing
  • Straight: Straightness
  • Fool: Nonsense
  • Old: Old age
  • The man was crazy. For many years he had lived as an ascetic and did not associate with his neighbors.

In this case, crazy works as an adjective within the sentence.

  • The madness of the man led him to behave in a strange way with his neighbors who feared for his integrity.

Here we can see that insanity is a noun and how it works.

Denominational nouns

The denominal nouns are those substantive arising after a nominal bypass process and having originally a united affix another noun . In this case, what we find is that a noun can be converted into a different one by adding an affix to it. This happens especially when we want to show professions or a set of said noun. Let’s see some examples to understand it better:

  • Student: Student
  • Garbage: garbage can
  • Song: Songbook
  • Glass: glassware
  • Milk: Milkman
  • Tablecloth: Tablecloth
  • Fashion: Dressmaker
  • Boy: Girlish
  • Bread: Bakery
  • Ball: pitch
  • Teacher: teachers

Let’s see examples: Substantiated words with examples

  • The teacher corrected the exams in a few hours.

As we see teacher is a noun and it works as such.

  • The teachers corrected the exams in a few hours.

In this case, it also works as a noun, but the meaning has changed.

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