Social movements definition/Characteristics/Types

Social movement is a form of organization of civil society, formed by collective actions where individuals aim to achieve social change through political debate within a given context in society . Social movements definition

This type of expression is characteristic of a plural society, as it acts collectively to represent a resistance movement that fights for different forms of social inclusion.

Groups such as popular movements, unions and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are examples of collective forms of organization of social movements. Social movements definition

The groups acting within a social movement are always looking for political representation of these forms of social exclusion and their actions are always aimed at producing direct or indirect pressure on the State.

Characteristics of social movements

For the formation of the social movement, these groups organize themselves according to a common project and ideology , which encompasses all the proposals and objectives relevant to the movement.

Within them , a hierarchy can still be established , which can have a structure that allows for several leaderships.

And in this way, various forms of collective actions are used, such as denunciation, marches, strikes, marches, among others. Social movements definition

In these actions, the groups present the demands that a particular social class faces in order to boost social mobilization and raise awareness in the awareness of other individuals in society about their causes. Social movements definition

The social movement, when well articulated, is capable of altering the structure of the state power system and, for this reason, the relationships of social movements and their leaders are always in conflict with the state.


Social movements can be classified into:

Claiming movements , where their actions focus on demands for immediate issues. This type of movement uses public pressure to pressure institutions that can modify legal provisions that may favor the situation;

Political movements , where they seek to influence the population in direct political participation as a guarantee for structural transformations in society; Social movements definition

Class movements , which seek to subvert the social order and alter the relationships between different factors in the national situation.

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