The social evolution is a theory of anthropology which states that every society begins primitively and evolves over time. According to this theory, every society, when it starts, has a more animalistic way of being and gradually and gradually reaches its development, thus becoming more civilized. Social evolution definition
The theory of evolutionism , also known as evolutionary theory , is a similar concept that defends that species undergo mutations that define their respective degrees of evolution.
Both concepts are based on the idea that evolution is a process that happens gradually, however, social evolutionism is subordinated to social anthropology, which considers society as a whole, that is, it performs an analysis through observation taking into account culture, habits, aspects, etc.
The theory of evolutionism, on the other hand, is subordinate to biological anthropology, and considers that organisms are capable of undergoing changes as the needs of the environment demand.
Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) was the main scientist responsible for evolutionary theory. In 1831, he embarked on an expedition around the world, together with botanist John Stevens Henslow, aboard an English ship named Beagle. The two friends’ expedition lasted five years (1831 – 1836) and during this period, Darwin had the chance to carry out several studies and observe several species. Social evolution definition
He concluded that although many of the species were similar, over time they suffered mutations that could persist into successive generations. In a way, these mutations influenced the continuity of the species and were responsible for the fact that some stood out in relation to others.
Despite not being able to figure out why these mutations happen, Darwin concluded that, in this mutation process, some species became stronger and eventually started to have a higher continuity/future survival rate. Then came the concept of natural selection , which is an evolutionary process in which the strongest survive. This process is one of the concepts of Darwinism .
The Darwinism is a set of ideas and concepts related to evolution and the main idea is that survive the strongest species and / or best suited to the environment. This line of reasoning had a direct influence on the concept of social evolutionism , giving rise to the term social Darwinism , which states that the strongest societies survive and/or that best adapt to the environment. Unfortunately, this concept ended up generating a series of ethnic and xenophobic problems, as some societies started to consider themselves superior to others. Social evolution definition
The cultural evolution considers that the development of societies is from the growth and sustained change. As in Social Darwinism , this created problems between different ethnicities and nationalities, as everything that resembled European culture was considered more evolved than what was closer to primitive culture.
Social Evolutionism and Colonialism
The social evolutionism states that societies evolve over time, believing, therefore, that some become superior to others. This idea is directly linked to the practice of colonialism , where societies considered superior exploit the so-called inferior ones with the aim of turning them into colonies. Social evolution definition