Discourse

Quotes characteristics types elements with examples

Quotes

verbatim quote is the text of another author that is inserted into a written work using their exact words. This is done in order to reinforce the idea that is being raised. For this, certain rules must be followed according to the length of the quote and how it will be presented within the text in which it will be mentioned. Quotes characteristics types elements

International rules are used to use a verbatim quote, such as the APA (American Psychological Association) standards. This organization originated in 1929 with the aim of facilitating the understanding of reading. It is currently in its sixth edition published in 2009.

It is important to know how to make a verbatim quote to respect what the main author wanted to capture. Leaving aside the origin of information can be dangerous, since it would be committing plagiarism. That is why they must be taken seriously and know how to do it correctly.

When making a verbatim quote, it is important to be careful with spelling, words and punctuation, even if they are incorrect in the original. All this leads to giving more value to what is being done, since good sources guarantee the veracity of the material produced.

Characteristics of verbatim citations

Quotes have a number of characteristics:

Accuracy of the above

This is the main characteristic of verbatim quotes. What the author expresses remains the same, since everything that the original ideas comprise is preserved.

Ease of placement in the text

Used properly, they are easy to see when reading. This helps a lot at the time of the search for relevant information by those who interact with the text.

We can see them in quotes, italics or other types of letters according to their size. You can find small or long verbatim quotes.

Credits to the author

Regardless of the way they are presented in the text (long or short), you must give credit to their author.

Be reflected at the end of the work in great detail

Quotes are very supportive of the work that has been done, be it a book, thesis or article. All the citations used must be reflected at the end in the bibliography.

Elements of a verbatim quote

In order to learn how a textual quotation is formed, it is first necessary to know the elements that make it up: Quotes characteristics types elements

Author’s last name

It is a key element. The common thing is to use the author’s first surname. However, if it is known by its first or other last name, they can also be placed.

Page number

When we have an appointment we must put the page number from where the information was stolen. This must be represented by a letter “p”, followed by a period and finally the page number. Always in parentheses. Example: (p. 15).

Year of publication

It is important to know the year of publication, especially if the author owns several books. The number must be in parentheses, unless it is a quote where we emphasize the year. If we do not know the year, “S. F.” and in the bibliographic reference “No date” is placed.

Skip words

If you do not want to place a specific part of the content within the citation, it is possible to omit it. To do this, an ellipsis should be placed in their place (…). Example:

Morales (2008) clearly expressed “If there is no reflective act in poetry, it is useless … Besides, what is poetry without reflection?” (p. 60).

Add idea

If you want to add a comment within the quote, it must be represented in brackets “[]”.

Types of verbatim quotes

Although there is no official classification, it is possible to classify verbatim citations into long, short, author-focused, year-focused, and text-focused.

Short verbatim quotes

Short quotes must be less than 40 words. They have to be written within the text that is being made so as not to lose the thread of the idea. They must be enclosed in quotation marks (“”) to indicate their beginning and end. 

Example (Focused on the author):

In this regard, Morales (2008) commented: “The abstraction that the poetic process requires is unique” (p. 35).

Long verbatim quotes

Its size is greater than 40 words and it must be without quotes. These must be in a paragraph with a space of 1.3 cm with the left margin. You should end the quote with a period and then refer to where the idea was taken from. Quotes characteristics types elements

Example:

… If there is no introspection, poetry loses meaning. The poet requires not only seeing the object that is poetized, but seeing himself. The reflection of what is poetized manifests itself in a unique way within each poet. It is in this communion between the poet and the poetized object that the actual poetic act occurs. (Morales, 2008, p. 45).

Focused on the author

The author or authors must come first, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Then the text and end with the page number where the aforementioned is located.

Example:

According to Morales (2008): “Poetry, in itself, is the purest way that the human essence has to manifest itself” (p. 80).

Focused on the text

When we are oriented towards the text we want to quote, it must come first. And when it is finished we must place the author (s), year and page number in parentheses.

Example:

Poetry, then, is an oral or written manifestation of an individual nature. “Poetry, in itself, is the purest way that the human essence has to manifest itself” (Morales, 2008, p. 80).

– Focused on the year

In this case we must put the year first, then the author (s). Then, in quotation marks, make the appointment and end with the page in parentheses.

Example:

In 2008, Morales indicated: “Poetry, in itself, is the purest way that the human essence has to manifest itself” (p. 80). Quotes characteristics types elements

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