Definitions

Neocolonialism definition/Imperialism/Colonialism

Neocolonialism represents the political, economic, cultural and social domination of European capitalist powers over some regions of the African and Asian continent , mainly. Neocolonialism definition

This process began at the beginning of the 19th century and lasted until the 20th century, with the First World War. The main capitalist nations at the time that benefited from neocolonialism were: United Kingdom, Belgium, Prussia, France and Italy.

With the development of the Second Industrial Revolution, European nations witnessed an intense expansion of economic sectors. From this scenario, the powers of Europe began to seek ways to expand their markets, whether to seek differentiated raw materials, cheap labor and new places to sell the products they produced.

With the fallacious argument that Europeans were “intellectually more developed” than Asian peoples and, especially, Africans, the European powers interfered in these regions with the speech of “bringing the progress of science and technology to the world”. Neocolonialism definition

England is one of the most successful examples of neocolonialism, being able to found a great Colonial Empire, mainly in Asia. In fact, this supremacy of the British in Asian territories was the reason for many debates between the other European powers.

On the neocolonialism of Africa, the “Berlin Conference”, held in 1884, served to bring together the main nations of Europe and define how the African territory would be divided into colonies.

Neocolonialism was one of the main reasons for the development of the First and Second World War.

Currently, the term neocolonialism continues to be used to refer to the economic dependence that some Asian and Latin American nations have on rich countries. Neocolonialism definition

Difference between Neocolonialism and Imperialism

Imperialism consists of the domination and exploitation of developed countries over underdeveloped ones, with the aim of expanding the territorial dominion of the dominant.

Contemporary imperialism can be considered synonymous with neocolonialism, the latter having many characteristics that resemble imperialism.

Difference between Colonialism and Neocolonialism

Colonialism developed between the 16th and 18th centuries, based on commercial and mercantile capitalism. Neocolonialism, as seen, begins at the beginning of the 19th century and goes until the middle of the 20th century, based on the consequences of the Second Industrial Revolution. Neocolonialism definition

The main objective during colonialism was to obtain precious metals, accumulate capital and maintain a favorable trade balance for European countries. Neocolonialism, as said, aimed to guarantee raw materials, consumer markets and cheap labor. Neocolonialism definition

The main justification used by the colonizers during Colonialism was the spread of the Christian faith in the dominated regions, which mainly consisted of the Americas. On the other hand, the justification used in Neocolonialism was “European superiority”, as stated, with Asia and Africa being the main colonized continents.

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