Language and Linguistics

Figures of Sound Alliteration Assonance Onomatopoeia Paronomasia

Also called harmony figures, sound figures are:

The sound pictures emphasize the phonological aspect of the language, through the reproduction, repetition or imitation of the sounds of the language.


Alliteration is characterized by the repetition of consonant sounds in words. This repetition creates rhythm and harmony, occurring predominantly in the initial phonemes of words.

Example of alliteration : The mouse gnawed the cork from the bottle of the king of Russia.


Assonance is characterized by the repetition of vowel sounds in words. This repetition creates vowel regularity and musicality, occurring predominantly on the tonic syllable of words.

Example of assonance : My cell has dirt, it has stone, it has no window.


An onomatopoeia is a word that reproduces, in written form, existing sounds, whether they are produced by humans, animals, nature or machines and objects.

Example of onomatopoeia : Listening to the ticking of the old clock so much, I already have a headache.


Paranomasia is characterized by the use of paronymous words, that is, words that have different meanings but that have very similar spelling and pronunciation, being easily confused.

Example of paranomasia : Assaulter of perfumeries, the thief was caught in flagrante delicto.

Other figures of speech

The stylistic resources used in written language and oral language to increase the expressiveness of the message are called figures of speech.

Figures of speech can be classified into figures of sound, figures of syntax, figures of words and figures of thought.

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