It is the search for moderate pleasures to reach a state of tranquility and freedom from pain, with the absence of suffering based on self-knowledge, the functioning of the world and the limitation of desires.
Exacerbated desires, for example, the desire for wealth, are sources of constant disturbance, making it difficult to find what really generates happiness.
What drives people to live an unhappy life would be the misunderstanding of their true needs and misinterpretation of pleasures.
It is impossible to live pleasantly without living prudently, beautifully, and fairly; nor live “prudently, beautifully, and justly” without living pleasurably. (Epicurus) Epicureanism definition
Epicureanism is the current created from the thought of an Athenian philosopher named Epicurus of Samos , in the fourth century BC Epicurus devoted his life to studying what, in fact, leads people to happiness.
Affirms that pleasure is the basic principle of human choices. It is from the pleasure that something is the target of desire or aversion. However, there is a need to calculate the pleasure generated by the action, immediately and in the long run. This thinking is called “hedonistic calculus”.
No pleasure is in itself an evil, but that which produces certain pleasures entails far greater sufferings than pleasures. Epicureanism definition
Followers of Epicureanism are called Epicureans and, according to the philosophical current, should seek to avoid pain and disturbance, lead a life away from the crowds (but not lonely), from excessive luxuries, putting themselves in harmony with nature and enjoying the peace.
Another value espoused by Epicureanism and its supporters is friendship. Friendship brings great happiness to people, as coexistence can lead to a healthy exchange of enriching thoughts and opinions.
According to Epicurus, the creator of Epicureanism, people cannot live pleasantly if they are not prudent, kind to others and fair in their attitudes and thoughts without living pleasantly. Virtues then must be practiced as a guarantee of pleasures.
According to Epicureanism, to achieve happiness it is necessary to know oneself (perceive one’s needs), have friends and avoid excesses.