Body Dysmorphic Disorder definition/concept

Body dysmorphic disorder is a disease of the mental sphere, in which there is an altered perception and an excessive concern for the body aspect, which can often be distorted.

Why does it occur?

The image that each person makes about their body’s appearance depends on a large number of factors.

Initially we are faced with the perception that the person has of himself. This is influenced by beliefs, thoughts and various emotions that can be generated around this perception. Finally, it is the behavior or posture taken that makes the body and its feelings aware . Dysmorphic Disorder

A negative perception, accompanied by negative feelings, leads to negative behavior as well. Especially when another factor is associated with low self-esteem. This is aggravated when standards of beauty or ugliness are distorted.

Often, these standards result from cultural impositions that lead to an ideal, factors such as body weight, skin color or fashion requirements. These ideals are usually more decisive for women.

The aggravating factor is that these factors are now imposed as mechanisms to achieve greater acceptance and popularity in the surroundings, which have greater weight in adolescence.

The realization of the established ideal can lead to the development of an obsessive behavior in face of factors such as food , which can lead to mental illness. Dysmorphic Disorder

How does body dysmorphic disorder manifest?

This condition leads to the development of an obsessive behavior based on permanent criticism of the body aspect, including the absence of a defect or change that justifies such criticism. This behavior is often confused with obsessive states or even personality disorders .

Those who suffer from this disorder often spend a lot of time observing and criticizing themselves. The main characteristics criticized are the facial appearance, the shape and size of the genitals, the body weight, the hair and the skin color. Dysmorphic Disorder

Dissatisfaction with the aesthetic aspect and the feeling that they are the object of extreme ugliness makes these people suffer from such a condition and isolate themselves, avoiding being seen by other people

In addition, they undergo extreme diets, prolonged tanning sessions and changes in their appearance through aesthetic treatments or even surgeries that are never enough.

In some cases, the changes made in search of an improvement in the physical appearance not only worsen, but also lead the person to develop real deformities with which they give a monstrous appearance.

In the case of body dysmorphic disorder related to weight, the person achieves extreme thinness along with malnutrition, seeking to improve the aesthetic aspect. This behavior, in addition to being ineffective, as it does not improve the person’s self-perception, is very dangerous. Various statistics show that it can lead to death up to 6% of those who suffer from this disorder.

It is a condition that has treatment

Once the diagnosis is made, it is necessary to implement treatment under the responsibility of a psychiatrist and a team of mental health professionals, as these people also deserve to undergo psychotherapy.

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